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5 types of rehabilitation centers

Rehabilitation centers are professional treatment centers that offer different kinds of treatments and therapies for illnesses or addictions. There are several types of these centers. Some rehabilitation centers aim to help people struggling with addictions, while some are designed to help bring about behavioral changes in convicts and legal offenders. This article lists the types of rehabilitation services and centers specifically designed for various concerns:

Physical medicine and rehabilitation
A physical medicine rehabilitation center is designed to aid post-surgery recovery or help people with serious mobility concerns recover from the said illness, injury, or surgery. A physician trained in this field is known as a physiatrist, and they aim to enhance and restore functional ability and improve the quality of life of people with physical impairments or disabilities affecting the brain, spinal cord, and such. There are three main types of therapies offered in these rehabilitation centers: physical, occupational, and speech therapy. These treatments are usually offered as inpatient services, and outpatient physiatrists deal with nonsurgical conditions like orthopedic injuries, occupational injuries, and chronic pain.

Addiction rehabilitation
Some rehabilitation centers offer treatment programs to help people deal with an addiction to alcohol or any other addictive substance. In severe cases, doctors may recommend a residential rehabilitation center to monitor a patient’s progression and recovery throughout the treatment process. It also helps patients distance themselves from any stressors or triggers they may encounter in their regular surroundings, placing them in a serene and calm environment. For mild cases, a doctor may suggest an outpatient treatment plan that takes place during regular appointments. The patients get to go home at the end of an appointment, so the programs cost less than residential addiction treatment plans. These are ideal for those who cannot afford a residential program or have to stay home for personal or work commitments. In both these treatment types, patients are required to go through behavioral or pharmacotherapy to help them deal with the psychological and physiological aspects of the addiction.

Criminal rehabilitation
Rehabilitation centers and programs designed for criminal offenders and inmates are significantly different from the other types. Here, the programs are based on the concept that psychological factors contribute to triggering criminal behavior. These programs are specifically designed to help and guide juvenile and other offenders. Education rehabilitation offers prison inmates the option of enrolling in educational programs. On the other hand, employment rehabilitation engages them in prison work programs, which can help them gain employment more quickly when they are released. It also trains them with societal skills like punctuality, responsibility, and accountability.

Eating disorder treatment and recovery
An eating disorder is a behavioral condition that leads to persistent unhealthy eating habits, and one tends to have a negative and even toxic relationship with food. These disorders can affect anyone and cause them to eat too little or too much. Common eating disorders include anorexia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Other mild forms of eating disorders can cause one to become preoccupied with their body image and keep tabs on the number of calories they consume. In severe cases where the patient is experiencing a medical emergency due to an eating disorder, they are placed in an intensive inpatient or residential facility and constantly monitored. In other cases, outpatient programs or partial hospitalization may be recommended, depending on the level of care and monitoring needed.

Psychiatric rehabilitation
These rehabilitation centers are designed to provide treatment to mental illness patients. Rehabilitation is often the second step in treating mental health conditions and is needed after an individual has successfully undergone treatment. That said, there is no strict boundary between actual treatment for a mental health condition and psychiatric rehabilitation. These rehabilitation facilities aim to help patients return to their normal life as smoothly and efficiently as possible. This is necessary for those who have recovered from a severe and chronic psychiatric illness, like bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, as the rehabilitation process aims to help patients develop the social and intellectual skills needed to integrate with society.

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